‘Gull’ Director Kim Mi-jo on Sexual Assault and Changing Attitudes in South Korea

“Gull,” Kim Mi-jo’s poignant South Korean drama, follows a woman whose life becomes increasingly difficult when she seeks justice against the man who raped her.

The 61-year-old O-bok works as a seafood vendor in a Seoul street market that has been slated for redevelopment. One evening, after drinks with her colleagues, she is raped by Gi-taek, a fellow vendor and the powerful chairman of the redevelopment committee. After initially pretending that nothing happened, O-bok finally confides to her daughter and reports the assault to the police, resulting in an investigation that disrupts both her work and family life.

“Gull,” which won the Grand Prize for the Korean Competition at the recent Jeonju Film Festival, unspools in San Sebastian’s New Directors sidebar.

Speaking to Variety, Kim says she came up with the idea of the film after witnessing a young man and an older woman.

“One day, I was walking along the riverside at midday when I saw a young man closely following a middle-aged woman, who resembled my mother. I somehow felt anxious and kept an eye on them for a while. This experience inspired me immediately.”

While she initially conceived the plot from the point of view of the woman’s daughter, she eventually made O-bok the main character, played by Jeong Aehwa.

Jeong brought the right mix of vulnerability and toughness needed for the headstrong O-bok, Kim explained.

“I didn’t regard O-bok simply just as a victim, but rather I think she is more of a person who is aggressive and belligerent, like a fighter. There’s a saying in Korea that a ‘small pepper is much spicier.’ Ms. Jeong is really petite, but I love the high spirit and energy coming out of her.”

“Gull” critically examines aspects of South Korean society that are still common, Kim adds. O-bok is a victim who is forced to hide while making a sacrifice for the greater cause of the market and the good of the community. “Recently in Korea, it is commonly seen, not just in sexual assault cases, that assailants change into victims, or do not have to pay the price they deserve and live just like before. There are countless cases like this.”

Nevertheless, like in other parts of the world, sexual assault against women is being increasingly addressed, Kim points out. “In recent years, it has been more actively discussed following the MeToo movement. I’m gladly on board with pushfully bringing this issue to the table compared to the past. Also, more people are starting to be aware that sexual assault cannot be justified, whatsoever. Nevertheless, deep down, prejudice against victims of sexual violence still lingers around.”

She adds, “Seeing the woman as a contributor in sexual assault, or a bias that older women can’t be a target of sex crimes – these are typical examples.” In her research for the film, Kim came across manuals for parents of sexual assault victims or to help women in their 20s and 30s cope with sexual assault, but she adds that sex crimes against the middle-aged were not properly discussed.

That chauvinistic attitudes persist is made clear in the film by a main character who blames rape on the victim, saying that it could not happen unless the woman wanted it.

“I’ve actually heard that in real life,” Kim says. “I was awfully shocked at the time, so I used that line in my scenario. It is hard to say that these kinds of thoughts were not general until just a few years ago. However, as previously mentioned, Korean society is beginning to react sensitively to sexual abuse issues. Also, the social atmosphere in which these cases can’t be simply hushed up is gradually being established.”

While Kim says she didn’t set out to examine class differences in Korean society, she notes that “sadly this is what I have seen ever since I was little, so I think it just happened to be reflected in the movie. Classes exist everywhere, so I don’t regard it as a peculiar characteristic of Korean society. Of course, there are exceptions, but it is very easy to find powerless people’s voices being ignored when you look around a bit. So, it was rather natural to have those aspects in the film.”

That O-bok wants to fly away from her horrible situation but has to remain grounded in reality, like a seagull that flies high and far but ultimately cannot leave land, was one of the reasons behind the film’s title, Kim explains. “I didn’t want to simply narrate a sex crime victim’s story through this film. I wanted O-bok, a middle-aged woman, a mother and a breadwinner, to stand firmly with both feet and eventually survive and live here on land when her dignity had been infringed.”

Another reason was her love of Anton Chekhov’s “The Seagull”: “I wanted to title my first feature film with this work someday.”

For her next project, Kim is planning a mother and daughter revenge story. “I’m expecting to make a Korean-style film, a mixture of action, thriller and comedy.”

AI roped in to invigilate final year online exams

By Express News Service

CHENNAI: No masks, movements, headphones and companions while writing the exams, says Anna University in the students’ user manual for final semester exams that will be held online from Tuesday. Students will commence their viva voce on Tuesday while their written exams will begin from Thursday. The exams will follow the objective pattern with multiple-choice-based questions (MCQs). 

Students can appear for exams from their homes, for the first time, using devices such as laptops, desktops, smartphones, tablets with internet, camera and microphone facilities.Further, students have been asked to sit in a quiet room. “Please make sure that there is no noise around you during the examination, otherwise Artificial Intelligence (AI) will detect and capture the same as deviation,” said the candidate user manual issued by the varsity.

It added, “The system uses Artificial intelligence (AI) to detect and record face emotions, eye movements and all activities, without any hindrance to the examinations. “In addition to auto proctoring by the online examination system, invigilators will continuously monitor the students during the examination.

Presence of any other person in the room is prevented and movement is also barred. The exam will not be an open-book type and the students who turned or looked away received warning during the mock test. 
Students have also been asked not to wear mask to prevent any malpractice. In case of disconnection of network/power failure, it can be resumed by logging in after 3 minutes from the instance of interruption. 
Using headphones and bluetooth devices and noise cancellation during the examination will be considered as malpractice.

Discovery: User Manual of the Oldest Surviving Computer in the World

The Zuse Z4 is considered the oldest preserved computer in the world. Manufactured in 1945 and overhauled and expanded in 1949/1950, the relay machine was in operation on loan at the ETH Zurich from 1950 to 1955. Today the huge digital computer is located in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. The operating instructions for the Z4 were lost for a long time. In 1950,  ETH Zurich was the only university in continental Europe with a functioning tape-controlled computer. From the 1940s, only one other computer survived: the Csirac vacuum tube computer (1949). It is in the Melbourne Museum, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

The mathematician Eduard Stiefel headed the Institute for Applied Mathematics at ETH Zurich, which was founded in 1948. His two most important assistants were Heinz Rutishauser (mathematician) and Ambros Speiser (electrical engineer). Rutishauser was one of the main fathers of the Algol programming language, Speiser became founding director of IBM Research in Rüschlikon ZH. Among the employees of the Institute for Applied Mathematics were Urs Hochstrasser (born 1926), Hans Rudolf Schwarz (born 1930) and Heinz Waldburger (deceased).

Finding thanks to the calculations for the P-16 jet aircraft

Evelyn Boesch from the ETH Zurich University archives let me know in early March 2020 that her father René Boesch (born in 1929), who had been working under Manfred Rauscher at the Institute for Aircraft Statics and Aircraft Construction at ETH Zurich since 1956, had kept rare historical documents. Boesch’s first employment was with the Swiss Aeronautical Engineering Association, which was housed and affiliated to the above-mentioned institute. The research revealed that the documents included a user manual for the Z4 and notes on flutter calculations. According to the Historical Lexicon of Switzerland, Rauscher, who was professor of Aircraft Statics and Construction at ETH Zurich from 1950 to 1974, was a consultant on the P-16 fighter aircraft (see Fig. 1). A specimen of the P-16 Mk III jet fighter can be found in the Flieger-Flab-Museum Dübendorf ZH. The institute was later renamed the Institute for Lightweight Structures and Cable Car Technology and closed in 2000. It is therefore not entirely coincidental that the manual was preserved by the aircraft manufacturers. A telephone conversation with René Boesch about the find took place on August 13, 2020.

Handwritten documents dated October 27, 1953, also came to light, concerning arithmetical problems that were solved with the Z4. The headings “Table of Air Force Coefficients” and “Wings with Ailerons” indicate that these are flutter calculations. With the P-16, a calculation time of 50 hours was necessary for 2.4 seconds flight time. Urs Hochstrasser, Hans Rudolf Schwarz,and Heinz Waldburger were involved. As Schwarz told me on January 12, 2016, this work was top secret at the time. After the Z4 was returned to Zuse KG, the calculations were continued with the Ermeth vacuum tube computer developed at ETH.

According to Heinz Rutishauser, around 100 jobs were carried out with the Z4 between 1950 and 1955. Of these, 55 commissions are listed in a directory of the Institute for Applied Mathematics dated July 11, 1955. These included calculations on the trajectory of rockets (for the Oerlikon Bührle machine tool factory), on aircraft wings (for the Eidgenössische Flugzeugwerke, Emmen LU), on flutter vibrations (for the Flug- und Fahrzeugwerke Altenrhein, 800 hours machine time), on nosedive (for the Flug- und Fahrzeugwerke Altenrhein, 120 hours machine time), see Herbert Bruderer: Konrad Zuse and Switzerland, pages 29-39.

Figure 1: P-16 Swiss jet aircraft.

For this jet aircraft, developed by the Flug- und Fahrzeugwerke Altenrhein SG on Lake Constance,

the Z4 carried out flutter and nosedive calculations from 1953 to 1955

(Source: State Archive, St. Gallen).

Extremely rare instruction manual

The inventor of the Z4 relay machine was the German civil engineer Konrad Zuse. He is probably the author of the now-discovered operating instructions (see Fig. 2). Heinz Rutishauser obviously copyedited them: the eyewitness Heinz Waldburger wrote in his epilogue to Herbert Bruderer: Konrad Zuse and Switzerland. Who invented the computer? (Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich 2012) on page 205: “In addition, there were the 16 pages of the Z4 user manual, which he [Heinz Rutishauser] had certainly revised, and the short regulation for the use of the program controlled computing machinery from September 20, 1950.” (Note: In a letter dated December 29, 1950, Swiss School Board President Hans Pallmann informed the head of the Institute, Eduard Stiefel, that the School Board had decided on the regulation for the use of the Z4 on December 2, 1950. These rules were possibly directed at external users).

Figure 2: Page 1 of the user manual for the Z4 relay computer.

Source: emanuscripta

Conditional jump

Thanks to a branching, the processing of a computer program can be continued at two different points. The jump instruction is executed, if a certain condition is fulfilled (true). With conditional jumps it is possible to deviate from the linear instruction sequence and also to jump from a main program to a subprogram and back. There are conditional and unconditional jumps. Conditional instructions are used for program loops, for example.

Originally, the Z4 did not know about conditional jumps. At the request of the ETH Zurich, it was added later. However, in a survey a few years ago, the few surviving eyewitnesses could not remember how it was executed. Page 8 of the instructions (see Fig. 3) shows how the conditional jump was handled at that time.

Figure 3: User manual for the Z4. Jump between main and subprogram

Source: emanuscripta


  • Anonymous: Gebrauchsanweisung Z 4, Institut für angewandte Mathematik, ETH Zürich, Som-mersemester 1952, Exemplar Nr. 19, 16 pages, ETH-Bibliothek Zürich, Hs 1517:1, https://doi.org/10.7891/e-manuscripta-98601
  • Bruderer, Herbert, Milestones in Analog and Digital Computing, Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland, 3rd edition 2000, 2 volumes, about 2050 pages,  577 illustrations, 114 tables, https://www.springer.com/de/book/9783030409739
  • Bruderer, Herbert: Konrad Zuse und die Schweiz, De Gruyter Oldenbourg, Berlin/Boston 2012, 250 pages, http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/22427
  • Bruderer, Herbert: Meilensteine der Rechentechnik, De Gruyter Oldenbourg, Berlin/Boston, 3rd edition 2020, volume 1, 971 pages, 577 illustrations, 114 tables, https://www.degruyter.com/view/title/567028?rskey=xoRERF&result=7
  • Bruderer, Herbert: Meilensteine der Rechentechnik, De Gruyter Oldenbourg, Berlin/Boston, 3rd edition 2020, volume 2, 1055 pages, 138 illustrations, 37 tables, https://www.degruyter.com/view/title/567221?rskey=A8Y4Gb&result=4
  • Rojas, Raúl: Konrad Zuse und der bedingte Sprung, in: Informatik-Spektrum, volume 37, 2014, pages 50–53
  • Stiefel, Eduard: Reglement für die Bedienung der programmgesteuerten Rechenmaschine [Z4], Institut für angewandte Mathematik, ETH Zürich, September, 25 1953, 1 page
  • Waldburger, Heinz: Nachwort, in: Herbert Bruderer (ed.): Konrad Zuse und die Schweiz. Wer hat den Computer erfunden?, Oldenbourg-Verlag, München 2012, pages 205–207

Herbert Bruderer is a retired lecturer in didactics of computer science at ETH Zurich. More recently, he has been an historian of technology. bruderer@retired.ethz.ch, herbert.bruderer@bluewin.

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Coronavirus: UAE issues new manual for employees who come into contact with COVID-19

A new instruction manual that guides employers in the United Arab Emirates on how to deal with employees who have been exposed to coronavirus has been issued by the Federal Authority for Government Human Resources (FAHR), state news outlet WAM reported Sunday.

The new manual helps businesses provide medical support to employees who have come into contact with a confirmed or suspected case of coronavirus.

For more coronavirus news, visit our dedicated page.

All federal entities are urged to provide all possible logistic support for protecting their employees, customers and communities and coordinating with relevant authorities to transport people with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 from their work premises to hospitals for testing as well as identify those with exposure to confirmed and suspected cases and isolate them at their temporary quarantine facilities pending hospitalization, WAM reported.

The new instructions issued to employers comes just weeks after the UAE recorded its highest daily case count since the outbreak of the pandemic.

“This comes in continuation with the previous manuals and circulars issued by FAHR as part of its efforts to address pandemics in general and the COVID-19 in particular. They call for all ministries and federal authorities to raise the awareness of their employees and urge them to adhere to the precautionary measures aimed at reducing the spread of COVID-19,” the WAM report said.

Read more:

Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia reports lowest daily COVID-19 cases in five months

Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia pledges $100 mln to UN and WHO to help fight COVID-19

Authorities have urged everyone, federal employees, citizens, and residents to follow the preventative guidelines issued and practice social distancing.

As the fight against coronavirus continues, authorities have issued fines to businesses and restaurants that have been found in violation of COVID-19 preventative policies.


Last Update: Monday, 21 September 2020 KSA 12:24 – GMT 09:24

Junkyard Gem: 1990 Chevrolet Beretta GT

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a discarded Chevy Beretta Indy in glorious Rad-O-Matic Teal™ last year, and since that time I have been scouring my local car graveyards in a search for a Beretta with the rarely-ordered 5-speed manual transmission. Such a car finally appeared in a Denver-area yard last month, suffering from nasty corrosion but equipped with both the GT option package and the sporty three-pedal setup.” data-reactid=”21″>We saw a discarded Chevy Beretta Indy in glorious Rad-O-Matic Teal™ last year, and since that time I have been scouring my local car graveyards in a search for a Beretta with the rarely-ordered 5-speed manual transmission. Such a car finally appeared in a Denver-area yard last month, suffering from nasty corrosion but equipped with both the GT option package and the sporty three-pedal setup.

Chevrolet Corsica sedan (closely related to the Pontiac Grand Am and Olds Cutlass Calais of the same era) appeared for the 1987 model year, and the coupe version came out the following year with Beretta badges. Various high-performance models of the Beretta rolled out of showrooms during the model’s 1988-1996 run, including the GT, GTU, GTZ, and Z26.” data-reactid=”29″>The Chevrolet Corsica sedan (closely related to the Pontiac Grand Am and Olds Cutlass Calais of the same era) appeared for the 1987 model year, and the coupe version came out the following year with Beretta badges. Various high-performance models of the Beretta rolled out of showrooms during the model’s 1988-1996 run, including the GT, GTU, GTZ, and Z26.

The 1990 Beretta GT came with a 135-horsepower, 3.1-liter V6 engine, a stroked version of the 2.8 that went into millions of GM cars during the 1980s.” data-reactid=”46″>The 1990 Beretta GT came with a 135-horsepower, 3.1-liter V6 engine, a stroked version of the 2.8 that went into millions of GM cars during the 1980s.

Rather than the throttle-body fuel injection that had been on so many cars in previous years, modern multi-port fuel injection went on the Beretta GT’s 3.1. 

Motormouth: An elusive owner’s manual

Q: I read the item (about PDF owner’s manuals) with interest. I was in that situation when I bought my 2019 Honda Accord. I wrote to Honda that, when I am on the road and find I need to refer to the manual for example to understand a warning light, I do not want to have to squint at a PDF on my phone to see what’s what. I am not a Luddite, but I want a book I can open, find the index, and find what I need. They printed out a bound manual for me at no charge.
M.H., Racine, Wis.

A: I too prefer hard copies. I am not a technophobe (and would not have joined a mob trying to burn down a stocking factory), yet when recently installing a mesh router, I printed out the manual — double sided, or course. My newspaper even arrives in a box near the road.

Q: About the small “owner’s manual” in the glove compartment rather than the full deal, it’s a trend for everything these days. One option is sending the PDF to one of the online print shops and get a hard copy made. I ask for “booklet” size (fits better with the gloves) and spiral bound (stays open to a particular page).
J.D., West Dundee, Ill.

A: Great idea.

Q: My 2016 Lincoln MKC display says “system off to save battery.” The dealer replaced the battery under warranty with a new one, but the same message appeared. I’m concerned it will appear again when out of warranty and this model vehicle is discontinued. Should I be concerned that this is a software problem and there is no download to update available from the manufacturer?
R.M., Crystal Lake, Ill.

A: Your car is actually behaving normally. In order to prevent the battery from discharging to the point that you can no longer start the car, it shuts down nonessential systems. This happens mostly with cars that are not frequently driven, especially in very cold environments. One thing we would have checked, however, is the charging system. The battery needs to be at full charge when you shut down the engine.

Q: I own a 2006 Cadillac DTS with the Northstar V-8 and 98,000 miles. The vehicle runs exceptionally well and the engine has only been serviced by the Cadillac dealer. The vehicle has begun to cut off while in drive with no warning and no check engine light. It starts back up and runs perfectly for weeks or months. A mechanic did a diagnostic test but there were no code errors. What systems should I investigate?
A.T., Chicago

A: Caddy dealers have very sophisticated testing equipment and in the hands of a well-trained technician it can provide a ton of information. Stuff like short term and long term fuel trim. Yeah, it is rocket science. Systems can be observed in real time as well as report older data. Not every problem sets a trouble code, only those that have something to do with emissions. Of course, that covers a lot of ground. If you dealer doesn’t have techs with up-to-date training, seek another dealer.

Q: My Toyota Camry Solara convertible has 72,316 miles on it and I’m concerned about when I should replace the timing belt. I’ve been told in the past that the belt probably won’t last for much longer than 72,000 mile and if it breaks, it will cause severe (expensive) damage. What are your thoughts on this?
B.M., Wilmington, Mass.

A: The four-cylinder engines have timing chains and the V-6s have belts, so it depends on your engine. For belts, we suggest replacement sometime between 75,000 and 100,000 miles. It should be stated in your owner’s manual, if you can find it.

Bob Weber is a writer and mechanic who became an ASE-certified Master Automobile Technician in 1976. He maintains this status by seeking certification every five years. Weber’s work appears in professional trade magazines and other consumer publications. His writing also appears in automotive trade publications, Consumer Guide and Consumers Digest. Send questions along with name and town to motormouth.tribune@gmail.com.

‘Matching Offline Tool’ for matching GSTR 2B with purchase register- FAQs & User Manual

GSTN released FAQ & User Manual on ‘Matching Offline Tool’ for matching GSTR 2B with purchase register

GSTN has released FAQ and user manual on Matching Offline Tool which facilitates matching of auto drafted details in Form GSTR-2B with purchase register. The document contains detailed set of FAQs on the usage of offline tool such as download and install Matching Offline Tool, viewing Form GSTR-2B files in the tool, viewing match results, etc. along with relevant screenshots.

(A) About Matching Offline Tool

Matching Offline Tool is an offline tool to view Form GSTR 2B and match the auto drafted details in Form GSTR-2B with the purchase register. The match results are used to create the matching report in offline mode.

The taxpayer need to install Matching Tool from the GST Portal, and then add profile to match Form GSTR-2B details with the purchase register details. The Form GSTR-2B JSON files are downloaded from the GST Portal and then viewed and opened in the Matching tool to match details.

The details from both the documents are matched on the basis of defined parameters. The taxpayer can filter and sort match results using features provided in the tool. The tool enables the taxpayer to download the matching results in a csv format.

The key features of Matching Offline Tool is that the setails can be matched offline with no connection to Internet.

(B) FAQs > Download and Install Matching Offline Tool

B.1. Download Matching Offline Tool

1. From where can I download and use the Matching Offline Tool in my system?

To download and open the Matching Tool in your system from the GST Portal, perform following steps:

1. Access the GST Portal: www.gst.gov.in.

2. Go to Downloads > Offline Tools > Matching Offline Tool option and click on it.

3. Select Download.

4. Click Proceed.

5. Unzip the downloaded Zip file which contain Matching Offline Tool.exe.

6. Open the Matching Offline Tool.exe by double clicking on it.

7. Select the folder where you intend to install the Matching Offline Tool.

8. Click Next.

9. Click Install.

10. Click Finish.

11. Open the Matching Offline Tool by double clicking on it.

Note: Downloading the Matching Offline Tool is a one-time activity. However, the Tool may get updated in future. So, always use the latest version available on the GST Portal.

2. Do I need to login to GST Portal to download the Matching Offline Tool?

No, you can download the Matching Offline Tool under ‘Downloads’ section without logging in to the GST Portal.

3. Do I need special access to download the Matching Offline Tool?

Yes, you require admin access on your machine to download the Matching Offline Tool.

4. What are the basic system requirements/configurations required to use Matching Offline Tool?

The offline functions work best on Windows 7 and above and MS EXCEL 2007 and above.

5. Is Matching Offline Tool mobile compatible?

As of now, Matching Offline Tool cannot be used on mobile. It can only be used on desktop/laptops.

6. What does downloaded zip folder for Matching Offline Tool contains?

The Zip folder downloaded from the GST portal will consist of the following:

  • Installation file for the offline tool .exe format (Set up file)
  • ‘Read me’ explaining in detail the prerequisites with respect to system requirements and steps for installation of the offline tool
  • Offline tool taxpayer manual
  • Change history text file
  • Purchase register template

B.2. Manage Profile

7. Does the Matching Offline Tool contain any Help for each page?

Once you open the tool, you will notice detailed instructions (Contextual to that page) to use the tool, using HELP link on the top-right corner of the tool at each page.

8. Can I access Matching Offline tool without creating profile in Offline tool?

No, you cannot access Matching Offline tool without creating a profile in it.

9. How can I add my profile in Matching Offline Tool?

To add your profile in Matching Offline Tool, navigate to Manage Profile at landing page of Matching Offline Tool > Add Profile.

10. Can I add multiple profiles in Matching Offline Tool?

Yes, you can add multiple profiles in Matching Offline Tool. However, profile for each GSTIN must be unique.

11. How can I edit the previously saved profile in Matching Offline Tool?

To edit the previously saved profile in Matching Offline Tool, navigate to Manage Profile at landing page of Matching Offline Tool > Modify Profile.

12. Can I directly open my profile by entering details on the landing page, without adding my profile in the Matching Offline Tool?

No, in order to open your profile in the Matching Offline Tool you must first create your profile using the Add Profile option.

13. Can I remove multiple records from the Matching Offline Tool?

Yes, you can remove multiple records from the Matching Offline Tool using the Delete button available on the Modify Profile page.

(C) FAQs > View Form GSTR-2B Files in Matching Tool

C.1. Download Form GSTR-2B JSON files from GST Portal

14. Do I need to login to GST Portal to download Form GSTR-2B JSON file?

Yes, you must login in to the GST Portal to download GSTR-2B JSON file.

15. From where can I download the Form GSTR-2B JSON file?

You can download the Form GSTR-2B JSON file from Services → Returns → Returns Dashboard → Select the FY and Return period → GSTR-2B tile (Download) → Download JSON

16. Where can I find the downloaded JSON files from the GST Portal?

The JSON files downloaded from the GST Portal gets saved in the Downloads folder on your machine.

C.2. Open JSON Files in the Matching Tool

17. Do I need to open the Matching Offline Tool to open the JSON files downloaded from the GST Portal?

Yes, you need to click the Matching Offline Tool icon on your system to access the tool and enter the details on the Home screen, such as GSTIN, Financial year, and Tax Period, and then click Proceed.

18. Can I directly View and Match files in the Matching Offline Tool?

No, you must first open the downloaded files in the Matching Offline Tool, and then only match them with the purchase register records.

19. How would I get to know that the JSON files are imported in the Matching Offline Tool?

A success message will be displayed on the screen on successful import. The system will display an error message in case the JSON files are not imported.

(D) FAQs > Import Purchase Register in the Matching Tool

20. From where can I download the Purchase Register in the Matching Tool?

After the Form GSTR-2B details downloaded, the Purchase Register is imported in the Matching Tool using the IMPORT EXCEL/CSV option under Import Purchase Register section.

21. Can I maintain my Purchase Register in a format other than provided on GST portal?

Purchase register maintained in a format other than the template provided as part of Matching offline tool will not get imported into the tool.

22. What will happen once the Purchase Register is imported in the Offline Tool?

Once the Purchase Register is imported in the Offline Tool, you can:

  • View the details as imported from the Purchase Register
  • Remove all the entries imported from the Purchase Register
  • Compare/Match the entries of imported Purchase Register with the entries of Form GSTR-2B

(E) FAQs > Match Results

23. What are different categories of matching results?

There are six categories of matching results available in the tool, as explained in table below:

Categories of matching results Matching Parameters

Exact match (All 7 parameters match)


2. Document type

3. Document number

4. Document date

5. Total taxable value

6. Total tax amount <Sum of IGST+CGST+SGST+CESS>

7. Tax amount head wise

Partial match (6 out of 7 parameters match) Partial Match is where GSTIN and Document type match and there is mismatch in only one parameter among the following listed parameters in Form GSTR‑2B and PR:

1. Document number

2. Document date

3. Total taxable value

4. Total tax amount <Sum of

5. Tax amount head wise

Probable match (6 out of 7 parameters match) Probable Match, if there is mismatch in one parameter among the parameters listed at Sr. no. 1 & 2. However, parameters 3 to 7 are matching in GSTR -2B and PR:


2. Document type

3. Document number

4. Document date

5. Total taxable value

6. Total tax amount <Sum of IGST+CGST+SGST+CESS>

7. Tax amount head wise

Unmatched A record is said to be Unmatched, with a score of 4/7 or 5/7, if the following parameters match:

  • Document type
  • Document number <Including approximation logic, if any>
  • Document date

BUT there is a mismatch on one or more of following parameters, beyond the tolerance limit set:

  • Total taxable value
  • Total tax amount <Sum of IGST+CGST+SGST+CESS>
  • Tax amount head wise
  • Integrated tax
  • Central tax
  • State/UT tax
  • CESS
In GSTR-2B not in PR All documents that exist in Form GSTR-2B, but could not be found in PR, (i.e. not classified in any of the Categories of matching results above), will be classified in this category.
In PR not in GSTR-2B All documents that exist in PR, but could not be found in Form GSTR-2B, (i.e. not classified in any of the Categories of matching results above), will be classified in this category.

24. What is the function of the Refine Matching Result option on the Matching Tool?

The REFINE MATCHING RESULT option enables you to refine the match results by altering the tolerance value for Integrated, Central, State/UT tax or Cess.

You may also apply approximation logic on the document number to match the details of Form GSTR-2B with PR.

25. How much is the limit of tolerance that I can choose to refine match results?

The Matching Tool enables you to select the tolerance value from 0 to 10 to refine match results.

26. Is the tolerance value applied on the consolidate tax amount?

No, the tolerance value is applied on the individual tax amount such as, Integrated, Central, State/UT tax or Cess.

Random: eBay User Makes Small Fortune Selling Old Pokémon Game Boxes And Manuals In ‘Good’ Condition

Pokemon IMG

Want to make some easy money, but don’t want to part with your precious video games? Well, at least not entirely. Then just sell the boxes and manuals separately. They don’t even need to be in top condition.

An eBay user, located in the US, has just banked $1375.00 selling an assorted bunch of Pokémon boxes and manuals dating back to the Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, and DS era. Noticeably these items are in ‘good’ condition. Yep!

Nintendo Pokemon Game Cases and Manuals Lot Game Boy, DS,(Games not Included).. Condition is Good. Shipped with USPS Priority Mail Medium Flat Rate Box.condition of cases boxes and manuals varies.being sold as is. big box for pokemon soul silver does not have manual.again this lot does not include any games

As you can see, there’s Pokémon Blue, Pokémon Silver all the way through to Pokémon White. There are even some spin-offs in there like Pokémon Pinball for the Game Boy Color and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team.

Have you got any of these Pokémon games sitting around your place? Would you be willing to part with the boxes and manuals for a small fortune like this? Tell us down below.

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Caregivers Of Dementia Persons Now Have ‘IKEA Catalogue’, For Home DIY Hacks

Lien Foundation Makes IKEA-Style Catalogue To Help Dementia Persons

Dementia is a challenging illness which is indiscriminate and could befall any one. Those diagnosed see their daily lives disrupted and simple chores turn into insurmountable tasks.

Old-age illnesses not only impact the patients, but their loved ones and caregivers as well.

Lien Foundation, a Singapore-based philanthropic organisation that seeks to improve the lives of seniors and low-income families, has stepped up to this challenging task.

On Sunday (13 Sep), the foundation launched an interactive visual ‘IKEA Catalogue’ online for caregivers of dementia.


HACK CARE illustrates more than 240 pages of ideas, practical hacks and tips to simplify life for these caregivers.

It comes with step-by-step online instruction manuals for a DIY-approach for dementia persons.

There’s also a physical edition available for those who prefer a manual they can pick up.


‘IKEA catalogue’ helps create environments to assist dementia persons

The virtual interactive catalogue combines the design and research expertise from architects, and product & furniture designers.

Professionals from places like Alzheimer’s Disease Association (ADA), Brahm Centre and Khoo Teck Puat Hospital also lent their knowledge on the caregiving journey.

One of the most important aspects of the home they have conceptualised is the visual environment.

As dementia progresses, certain visual stimuli can be disorienting and confusing which results in fear.


It then becomes difficult to interpret what one sees.

Therefore, creating visual environments that are calm and easy to understand creates visual clarity at home for the dementia person.


Habitable space is experienced through furniture and its spatial arrangements.

In ‘The New Room’ chapter, it can continuously be reconfigured to enhance a richer and healthier lives for the carers and the cared.

Hacking time & light for a dementia-friendly home

The progression of the day and time influences our body system by internalising the temporal cue from the variation in sunlight.


In the ‘Time & Light‘ chapter,  it explores a way to manipulate the ‘biological clock’ to send appropriate signals for mealtimes, activity and rest.


Keeping active to stimulate the brain

Fidget Play involves the tactile sensation when we twiddle our thumbs or run our fingers through things on surfaces.

This physical movement of fidgeting is both therapeutic and productive for dementia.


By fiddling around with various items, persons with dementia can keep their mind and body active.

Using mealtimes for bonding

For many, we look to mealtimes the most. Not only because we get to eat scrumptious food, the conversation and bonding creates a joyful time.

The ‘Mealtime‘ chapter shares ideas and reasons why mealtimes are opportune activities to exercise choice, cognition and coordination.


For example, they recommend using bright plates and utensils so that dementia persons can recognise their food more easily.


Caring for dementia persons shouldn’t be a chore

We want to take this opportunity to salute and express our gratitude to caregivers who put in time and effort to care for their loved ones or persons with dementia.

While it may get challenging sometimes, take heart in knowing that the community supports persons with dementia and roots for the caregivers.

Have news you must share? Get in touch with us via email at hello@mustsharenews.com.

Featured image adapted from Facebook

Hyundai Venue loses the manual transmission for 2021

2021 Hyundai Venue

No more manual for this cute ute.


Hyundai’s little Venue crossover is not only cool-looking but also exceedingly affordable, as new cars go. When it launched, enthusiasts were undoubtedly excited to see that the base transmission option was a good, old-fashioned six-speed manual with the CVT being optional.

Three-pedal cars are becoming rarer and rarer at any price point, so seeing one in a popular form factor seemed like it might just show manufacturers that manuals aren’t dead. Only, in this case, that didn’t happen, and now, thanks to an announcement made on Friday, we know that the manual option is dead for the 2021 model year.

Why? Well, because nobody bought it. Unlike in many other countries, where manual transmissions are still common, even knowing how to use one is becoming a somewhat rare skill for American drivers — just 18% according to a 2018 report by US News & World Report — and that number is likely to continue dropping.

So, where does this leave you if you had your heart set on a row-your-own crossover? Well, you’re not totally boned. You can still pick up the Subaru Crosstrek and Kia Soul with a manual transmission. If you don’t need a crossover and care more about the gearbox, Hyundai still offers its Accent, Elantra GT and Veloster with six-speeds.